Castellar is a town that is part of the region of Campo de Gibraltar.
It is considered one of the most beautiful villages in Spain. Perched on a rocky promontory with its magnificent castle overlooking the Bay and the Rock of Gibraltar, Castellar is the green lung of the region and benefits from the Alcornocales Natural Park. Its origins date back to the Bronze Age (sites of Cuevas del Cancho, los del Tajo and Abejera) but it acquired its true identity with the Muslim conquest, when it became known as Al-Qars. When talking about the town, it is necessary to distinguish between the Old Castellar and the New Castellar, built in 1971, 8 km from the old one. In the old town is its fortress (12th-15th centuries), which is in a perfect state of conservation although it has been renovated. Inside the castle is one of the few existing examples of an inhabited nucleus inside a fortification. It retains a marked medieval character, with its winding layout of clean, whitewashed streets. The Church of the Divino Salvador is located here and, attached to it, there is a passageway called algorfa that connects it with the Alcázar.
Another construction of Muslim origin is the Almoraima Tower, located on a hill. In addition to being a watchtower, it also served as a means of transmitting news. Castellar “El Nuevo” is a completely modern town, with wide streets and squares. Here we find the Church of Divino Salvador, which houses the image of the Santísimo Cristo de la Almoraima, venerated by many of the faithful.
In the Plaza Andalucía there is also an important sculpture commemorating the XXV Anniversary of the creation of the new town and very close by another sculpture dedicated to Human Rights.
Another great attraction of the town is its cuisine, always paired with game meats, especially venison, as well as rabbit and partridge. Cut into hind legs, chops, steaks or loins, venison is tender and is often marinated in wine and aromatic herbs in calderetas to tenderise it.
Modern village born in the sixties of the last century, in order to relocate the residents of the old castellar. This area of Castellar is made up of white houses and wide streets.
In Castellar Nuevo is the town hall located in a square.
It is the most charming of the three population centers.
In it is the castle, a fortress dating from the twelfth century and is surrounded by a typical Andalusian village, set of whitewashed houses, cobbled streets, fountains of clean water and the flower bed where the garden and the lemon tree blooms.
From the top of the castle we can see the bay of Gibraltar, a space where Europe and Africa touch.
Between old castellar and new castellar is the convent of the Almoraima, where the Hermitage of OUR LADY OF THE KINGS is located.
This convent house belongs to the estate of the Almoraima located in a privileged environment surrounded by nature in the natural park of the Alcornocales.
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